The AXA stood for experimental, but it might equally have meant extraordinary, exotic or extravagant, as this giant submarine attracted superlatives A the worldAs largest, most heavily armed, and deepest diving submersible of the day. X.1 was a controversial project conceived behind the backs of the politicians, and would remain an unwanted stepchild. As British diplomats at the Washington naval conference were trying to outlaw the use of submarines as commerce raiders, the Admiralty was designing and building the worldAs most powerful corsair submarine, to destroy single-handed entire convoys of merchant ships. This book explores the historical background to submarine cruisers, the personalities involved in X.1As design and service, the spy drama surrounding her launch, the treason trial of a leading RN submarine commander, the shipAs chequered career, and her political demise. Despite real technical successes, she would finally fall foul of Ablack propagandaA, aimed at persuading foreign naval powers that the cruiser submarine did not work; even today uninformed opinion repeats the myth of her failure. However, it was completely ignored by other navies, who went on building submarine cruisers of their own, some larger than, but none so sophisticated as, X.1. The book analyses in detail the submarine cruisers built by the US Navy, the French and the Japanese, plus the projected German copy of X.1, the Type XI U-Boat, paying belated tribute to the real importance of the mysterious X.1.The a#39;Rivera#39; class, ordered in the 1929 Programme, were to have 2 x 10acylinder diesel engines producing 5, 000 BHP each. ... plus the battlecruiser Renown.3 Presumably by that time she had cost so much in maintenance costs and unjustified hopes that any such idea would have been ... Thus rejuvenated, the Old Lady could have been sent to the Pacific to meet the foe she had been designed to beat!
|Publisher||:||Seaforth Publishing - 2013-01-21|