Widows and Orphans First

Widows and Orphans First

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Widows and Orphans First investigates the importance of local economies and values in the origins of the welfare state through an exploration of widows' lives in three industrial American cities with widely differing economic, ethnic, and racial bases. _x000B_In Fall River, Massachusetts, employment was regarded as the solution to widows' poverty, so public charitable expenditure was drastically limited. In Pittsburgh, where few jobs were available for women or children--and where jobs for men were in qwidowmakingq industries such as steel and railroading--the city's charitable establishments were more sympathetic. In the border city of Baltimore, which had a large African American population and a diverse economy that relied on inexpensive child and female labor, funds for public services were limited, and African Americans tended to establish their own charitable institutions. In this unique comparative study of widows' welfare and family economy, Jay Kleinberg examines the role of children in society and the development of social welfare policy for widows.80 The mothersa#39; pension movement even questioned widowsa#39; competence to raise children without partners. The loss of the father, according to Penna€” sylvaniaa#39;s Manual of the Mothersa#39; Assistance Fund, deprived a€œthe family of affection andanbsp;...

Title:Widows and Orphans First
Author:S. J. Kleinberg
Publisher:University of Illinois Press - 2005-11-04


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