Visions of the Maid

Visions of the Maid

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Representations of Joan of Arc have been used in the United States for the past two hundred years, appearing in advertising, cartoons, popular song, art, criticism, and propaganda. The presence of the fifteenth-century French heroine in the cinema is particularly intriguing in relation to the role of women during wartime. Robin Blaetz argues that a mythic Joan of Arc was used during the First World War to cast a medieval glow over an unpopular war, but that she only appeared after the Second World War to encourage women to abandon their wartime jobs and return to the home. In Visions of the Maid, Blaetz examines three pivotal filmsa€”Cecil B. DeMille's 1916 Joan the Woman, Victor Fleming's 1948 Joan of Arc, and Otto Preminger's 1957 Saint Joana€”as well as addressing a broad array of popular culture references and every other film about the heroine made or distributed in the United States. Blaetz is particularly concerned with issues of gender and the ways in which Joan of Arc's androgyny, virginity, and sacrificial victimhood were evoked in relation to the evolving roles of women during war throughout the twentieth century.of the films have fatuous titles or highly melodramatic plot lines, they clearly were made in the context of preparation for war. ... by The Little Patriot of 1917, in which a small child is inspired to be a patriot after her teacher reads her a story about Joan. ... in which women are positioned as heroic girl-helpmates in discreet relation to the war, with more or less reference to ... of female war work is equally implied in the earlier Mexican Joan of Arc, which was apparently based on a true storyanbsp;...

Title:Visions of the Maid
Author:Robin Blaetz
Publisher:University of Virginia Press - 2001


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