Vibrio ecology, pathogenesis and evolution

Vibrio ecology, pathogenesis and evolution

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Vibrios are Gram-negative bacilli that occur naturally in marine, estuarine, and freshwater systems. Some species include human and animal pathogens capable of causing gastroenteritis, wound infections, cholera, and fatal septicemia. Over the past decades, cutting edge research on Vibrio genomics has promoted a tremendous advance in our knowledge of these pathogens. Significant developments include the discovery of emerging epidemic clones, tracking the spread of new strain variants, and an intensified appreciation of the role of mobile genetic elements in antibiotic resistance spread as well as pathogenesis. Furthermore, improved understanding of the interaction of Vibrios with a variety of living organisms in the aquatic environment has documented the significant role of environmental reservoirs in their seasonal cycle favoring persistence of the pathogen during inter-epidemic periods and enhancing disease transmission. This Research Topic is dedicated to our current understanding in these areas and will bring together leading experts in the field to provide a deep overview of Vibrios ecology and evolution, and will suggest the pathway of future research in this field.Rita R Colwell, Daniela Ceccarelli ... Surface water oyster samples were collected from Taylor-style floats, which remained submerged in water continuously, and bottom-water oyster samples were ... and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM; DePaola and Kaysner, 2004) with slight modifications.

Title:Vibrio ecology, pathogenesis and evolution
Author:Rita R Colwell, Daniela Ceccarelli
Publisher:Frontiers E-books - 2014-10-24


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