Use of Property Rights in Fisheries Management

Use of Property Rights in Fisheries Management

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In the old days, when offshore stocks were large and fishing fleets were small, there was no call for either private ownership or government regulation. As the growing cities provided increasing markets for both fresh and salted fish, more and larger vessels put to sea for longer periods. By mid-19th century, ocean fishing activity had expanded to a dangerous level and each year's fishing left the stock a little smaller than the year before. In the last decades of the 20th century governments' advice began to come not only from perturbed fishermen, but also from scientists. Today, regulations based on biological theories can be found everywhere. The FishRights99 Conference provided the perfect opportunity to address a new challenge: use property rights to manage fisheries in ways that are ecologically sustainable and ensure Fish for the Future. Part 2 of these proceedings contains papers of presentations made during the workshop sessions, addressing national experiences in the design, implementation and modification of rights-based systems of fisheries management. The presentations included those made from the perspective of the fishing industry, government policy-makers and administrators and the legal implications as a consequence of national systems of law. Those concerned with the social and economic implications of this form of management reviewed the implications for communities affected by such changes in fisheries management approach. Many papers describe specific national implementation experiences, both positive and negative, and national programme successes and qless-than-successesq. Other papers deal with the social, economic and legal theory appertaining to this form of management.Only an Integrated Coastal Zone Management scheme can enable the recovery of the artisanal fishery in Italy by permitting the resolution of conflicts and a reduction of pollution. Italian Law, at present, does not permit the direct management ofanbsp;...

Title:Use of Property Rights in Fisheries Management
Author:Ross Shotton
Publisher:Food & Agriculture Org. - 2000


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