Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels

Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels

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For a century, almost all light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have been powered by internal combustion engines operating on petroleum fuels. Energy security concerns about petroleum imports and the effect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on global climate are driving interest in alternatives. Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels assesses the potential for reducing petroleum consumption and GHG emissions by 80 percent across the U.S. LDV fleet by 2050, relative to 2005. This report examines the current capability and estimated future performance and costs for each vehicle type and non-petroleum-based fuel technology as options that could significantly contribute to these goals. By analyzing scenarios that combine various fuel and vehicle pathways, the report also identifies barriers to implementation of these technologies and suggests policies to achieve the desired reductions. Several scenarios are promising, but strong, and effective policies such as research and development, subsidies, energy taxes, or regulations will be necessary to overcome barriers, such as cost and consumer choice.... of convenience in fueling and repair and maintenance service that closely replicate those of the liquid-fueled vehicles being phased out. ... Some of this is due to lack of information, and studies such as those conducted by Axsen and Kurani (2011) and Zhang et al. ... at 3 yearsa€”lower than either the popular Toyota Prius, which has a 60 percent residual value at 3 years, or corresponding conventionalanbsp;...

Title:Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels
Author:Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Committee on Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels, National Research Council
Publisher:National Academies Press - 2013-03-14


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