How much time, money, and other resources do Americans devote to influencing the distribution of wealth? According to David Laband and George McClintock, a conservative estimate of the total amount Americans spend on arranging or preventing forced transfers is more than $2, 000 for every man, woman, and child in America. That's not a statement of the amount forcibly redistributed, but of the amount spent in effecting the forcible transfer of resources. And, as the authors show, this is a very conservative estimate of the dead-weight losses associated with the transfer society. Through an ambitious cataloguing of different categories of expenditures on forced transfers and research into the amounts expended on each one, Laband and McClintock present a more complete picture of the effects of forced transfers than one would get from merely considering the aggregates of federal and state budgets or estimates of the amounts of wealth that change hands through the various forms of qfreelanceq redistribution, such as insurance fraud, theft, or extortion. After a careful examination of the measurable forms of dead-weight losses, the authors conclude by noting that the numbers they present understate the magnitude of resource expenditure on transfer activity in the United States. Moreover, the authors discuss the important question of why, relative to the huge amounts of wealth transferred by government at all levels, there is so little observable and measurable expenditure on effecting transfers. This book both poses problems and offers solutions to important issues in economics and political science.... reflected only replacement cost of the parts and did not include the cost of drilling holes, ignition hookaups, installation, wiring, ... + 42.00) = $2, 401, 383, 320 Light trucks: 5, 858, 000 X 2 X (124.00 + 7.45 + 16.50 + 42.00) = $2, 225, 454, 200 Medium to ... for athe Cluba at Winner International, which manufactures athe Cluba (telephone conversation on February 19, 1999). ... Locks aHouses/Apartments Privately owned, 1afamily houses 1996 new units: 1, 161, 000 Privately owned, 2- toanbsp;...
|Author||:||David N. Laband|
|Publisher||:||Cato Institute - 2001-11-25|