Since the discovery of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electrical stimulation (tES), these non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques have been used to investigate the state of cortical excitability, and the excitability of the cortico-cortical and corticospinal pathways. In addition, these techniques have been found to induce neuroplasticityaa significant breakthrough in our understanding of the brain at work. Transcranial Brain Stimulation presents a wide range of possible brain stimulation applications and discusses what new information can be gained from using this technique on the dynamics of brain functions, hierarchical organization, and effective connectivity. Implications of recent findings related to the therapeutic application are discussed by an international group of leading experts, who present practical guidance on the use of each technique, and catalog the results of numerous TMS and tES studies on biological and behavioral effects.Premotor cortex Late I-waves Late I-waves Smaller and delayed I-waves Smaller and delayed I-waves D-wave TH LM TMS PATMS AP TMS I1 I1 P2 + 3 P5 Gaba cells Figure 2.1 A schematic view of the model of corticospinal volley generation anbsp;...
|Title||:||Transcranial Brain Stimulation|
|Author||:||Carlo Miniussi, Walter Paulus, Paolo M. Rossini|
|Publisher||:||CRC Press - 2012-12-03|