This text examines the thermal and catalytic processes involved in the refining of petroleum including visbreaking, coking, pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, oligomerization, alkylation, hydrofining, hydroisomerization, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming. It analyzes the thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms, and kinetics of each process, as well as the effects of operating conditions and reactor design on process performance and product quality. This is a valuable resource for chemists who wish to improve their knowledge of some of the real world issues that must be addressed in hydrocarbon conversion. Topics include processes on metallic catalysts, processes using bifunctional catalysts, and catalytic reforming.The subsequent development in crude oil processing introduced two new elements. ... the introduction of processes that consume large amounts of hydrogen, such as the dearomatization by hydrotreating and ... The use of the processes of the second category, depends on the units actually existing in the refinery and therefore on the general processing flow diagram. Thus, the task is to recover hydrogen contained in the low-pressure gases from the catalytic reforming of naphthas asanbsp;...
|Title||:||Thermal and Catalytic Processes in Petroleum Refining|
|Publisher||:||CRC Press - 2003-02-26|