Thermal analysis is an old technique. It has been neglected to some degree because developments of convenient methods of measurement have been slow and teaching of the understanding of the basics of thermal analysis is often wanting. Flexible, linear macromolecules, also not as accurately simply called polymers, make up the final, third, class of molecules which only was identified in 1920. Polymers have neverbeenfullyintegratedintothedisciplinesofscienceandengineering. Thisbook is designed to teach thermal analysis and the understanding of all materials, flexible macromolecules, as well as those of the small molecules and rigid macromolecules. The macroscopic tool of inquiry is thermal analysis, and the results are linked to microscopic molecular structure and motion. Measurements of heat and mass are the two roots of quantitative science. The macroscopic heat is connected to the microscopic atomic motion, while the macroscopic mass is linked to the microscopic atomic structure. The macroscopic unitsofmeasurementofheatandmassarethejouleandthegram, chosentobeeasily discernable by the human senses. The microscopic units of motion and structure are 12 10 the picosecond (10 seconds) and the Ayngstrom (10 meters), chosen to fit the atomic scales. One notes a factor of 10, 000 between the two atomic units when expressed in ahumana units, second and gramawith one gram being equal to one cubic centimeter when considering water. Perhaps this is the reason for the much better understanding and greater interest in the structure of materials, being closer to human experience when compared to molecular motion.The heating curve of the two-component sample in Fig. 4.9 has a eutectic phase diagram (see Chap. 7). In addition, the heating curve indicates a heating apparatus that delivers a constant heat input as a function of time. In the first part of theanbsp;...
|Title||:||Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2005-04-04|