The data were examined for the frequency of discourse markers and conjunctions used on different tasks and at different proficiency levels. The fluency and complexity of the output were also examined. The results show that proficiency level is a significant factor in the use of discourse markers, conjunctions, and fluency. The frequency of discourse markers and conjunctions, as well as fluency, all generally increase at higher proficiency levels in both the German and the English data. The differences between the lowest and highest levels are statistically significant. In the German data, the most structured task (narration) exhibited a rise in conjunction use and drop in discourse marker use. In the English data, one task (leaving a telephone message) was significantly different from the other tasks in the frequency of discourse marker. The anomalous results for these two more structured tasks suggest that the degree of structure in a task may have an impact on a number of performance variables.Discussion and Conclusions about the Relationship between Task Type, Fluency , and Complexity................................................150 7.2. Research Question 5: The Relationship between Fluency and Complexity on Differentanbsp;...
|Title||:||The Role of Task Type and Proficiency Level in Second Language Speech Production|
|Author||:||Colleen A. Neary-Sundquist|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|