Changes in the civil-service examination and abolition of the eight-legged essay blocked the opportunities of ... According to Liang Cha#39;i-cha#39;ao, The conservatives . . . had previously relied upon the eight-legged essays to pass the civil-serviceanbsp;...
|Title||:||The Political History of China, 1840-1928|
|Publisher||:||Stanford University Press - 1956-01-01|