The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

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The study of plant-microbe associations by new techniques has significantly improved our understanding of the structure and specificity of the plant microbiome. Yet, microbiome function and the importance of the planta€™s microbiome in the context of human and plant health are largely unexplored. Comparable with our human microbiome, millions of microbes inhabit plants, forming complex ecological communities that influence plant growth and health through its collective metabolic activities and host interactions. Viewing the microbiota from an ecological perspective can provide insight into how to promote plant health and stress tolerance of their hosts or how to adapt to a changing climate by targeting this microbial community. Moreover, the plant microbiome has a substantial impact on human health by influencing our gut microbiome by eating raw plants such as lettuce and herbs but also by influencing the microbiome of our environment through airflow. This research topic comprising reviews, original and opinion articles highlights the current knowledge regarding plant microbiomes, their specificity, diversity and function as well as all aspects studying the management of plant microbiomes to enhance plant growth, health quality and stress tolerance.colonize the tomato phytosphere (Barak and Liang, 2008). Soft rot ... coliO157:H7 cells did not result in colonization of the areal parts of young spinach plants (Hora et al., 2005). ... The taxonomic relatedness between human pathogens and plant- associated species may explain why at least some of the human pathogenic strains can colonize plants so well. ... A GFP-labeled S. enterica serovar Typhimurium strain was attracted to the stomatal openings of iceberg lettuce leafs under theanbsp;...

Title:The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health
Author:Martin Grube, Michael Schloter, Kornelia Smalla, Gabriele Berg
Publisher:Frontiers E-books - 2015-01-22


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