This concise volume surveys three hundred years in the history of the lumber industry in early modern (Tokugawa) Japan. In earlier works, Conrad Totman examined environmental aspects of Japan's early modern forest history; here he guides readers through the inner workings of lumber provision for urban construction, providing a wealth of detail on commercial and technological systems of provision while focusing on the convoluted commercial arrangements that moved timber from forest to city despite exceptionally severe environmental and financial obstacles. Based on scrupulous scholarship in the vast Japanese secondary literature on forest history, The Lumber Industry in Early Modern Japan brings to light materials previously unavailable in English and synthesizes these within a thoughtful ecological framework. Its penetrating examination of the patterns of cooperation and conflict throughout the industry adds significantly to the scholarly corpus that challenges the stock image of Tokugawa rulers and merchants as social enemies. Instead it supports the view of those who have noted the interdependent character of political and economic elites and the long-term strengthening of rural sectors of society vis-a-vis urban sectors.For a fairly complete listing of books and articles published before 1985, see the bibliographical essay by Conrad ... There are already, of course, well-developed fields of environmental studies in the realms of both Japanese- and English- language scholarship as a whole. ... as suggested by the pioneering character of Ando Seiichia#39;s new study of environmental pollution, Kinsei kogaishi no kenkyu.
|Title||:||The Lumber Industry in Early Modern Japan|
|Author||:||Conrad D. Totman|
|Publisher||:||University of Hawaii Press - 1995|