This volume reviews the ecological effects of road, rail, marine and air transport. The focus ranges from identification of threats and repair of damaging effects to design of future transport systems that minimize environmental degradation. The scope of coverage extends from small ecosystems to the planet as a whole. Experts from a variety of disciplines address the topic, expressing views across the spectrum from deep pessimism to cautious optimism.In the 1970s powered hang gliders known as microlights were developed, attaching piston engines to a a#39;pivoting winga#39; (Grant 2004). These very small aircraft fly at low altitudes and low speeds. 2.4.4 Gliders The use of gliders was developedanbsp;...
|Title||:||The Ecology of Transportation: Managing Mobility for the Environment|
|Author||:||John Davenport, Julia L. Davenport|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2006-06-30|