Transport sector policies already contribute to moderating greenhouse gas emissions from road vehicles. They are increasingly designed to contribute to overall societal targets to mitigate climate change. While abatement costs in transport are relatively high, there are plausible arguments in favor of further abatement in this sector. The empirical basis to decide upon combinations of fuel economy standards and fuel taxes, however, remains weak. This publication investigates the effectiveness and costs of various mitigation options in road transport, and discusses the distribution of abatement efforts across sectors of the economy.--Publisher's description.In the Prius, Toyota designers chose to use the hybrid technology primarily to increase fuel economy. ... In the US , the tradeoff between fuel economy and other vehicle attributes has delivered a 2007 model year fleet of cars and light ... Figure A-l shows the changes in average vehicle weight, 0-60 mph time, and percentage of manual transmissions from 1981 to 2006 for the US new passenger car fleet.
|Title||:||The cost and effectiveness of policies to reduce vehicle emissions|
|Author||:||International Transport Forum, Transport Research Centre|
|Publisher||:||OECD Publishing - 2009-01-13|