Unsteady-state operations of catalytic reactors provide plentiful opportunities for research and commercial realization of efficient heterogeneous catalytic processes. Forced unsteady state conditions generate unique distributions of process parameters and catalyst states often unattainable with traditional, steady-state operation. The unsteady-states can be created by periodic changes in input flow parameters, such as changes in inlet temperature and composition, catalyst circulation through reaction and regeneration zones, or periodic flow reversals through fixed catalyst bed. This can result in increased productivity, selectivity, capital savings and operating cost reduction (higher energy efficiency). Efficient environmental technologies for treatment of toxic emissions, acid rain and greenhouse gas emissions can also be developed using the unsteady-state concept. The Proceedings communicate recent progress in these areas of research and promote future development. The aims are to establish relations between academia, industry, engineers and scientists from all over the world, to stimulate new catalytic technologies as well as fundamental research, and to create new concepts for the development of effective catalytic systems. It presents the most up-to-date research in catalysis. - contains the most recent developments in catalytic research - includes research finding as well as their application to industry - a thorough source of information on the latest developments of industrial catalysis in Japandiffraction (Philips Xa#39;Pert Diffractometer with nickel filtered Ka radiation (X= 1.54056 A)). 3. ... Figure 1 shows the equivalent X-ray diffraction patterns of the precipitates obtained using NaOH and Na^COj as precipitant after the washing and drying procedure. Comparable data were obtained using both the manual and automated methods for both the Mg/Al and Ni/Al systems, the diffraction patterns beinganbsp;...
|Title||:||Science and Technology in Catalysis 2006|
|Author||:||Koichi Eguchi, Masato Machida, Ichiro Yamanaka|
|Publisher||:||Elsevier - 2007|