After two volumes mainly introductory, Dr Needham now embarks upon his systematic study of the development of the natural sciences in China. The Sciences of the Earth follow: geography and cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Dr Needham distinguishes parallel traditions of scientific cartography and religious cosmography in East and West, discussing orbocentric wheel-maps, the origins of the rectangular grid system, sailing charts and relief maps, Chinese survey methods, and the impact of Renaissance cartography on the East. Finally-and here Dr Needham's work has no Western predecessors-there are full accounts of the Chinese contribution to geology and mineralogy.One would expect monographs on specific subjects similar to those which were produced in the biological sciences at this time (+ioth to +I3th centuries). ... it is interesting to look at some of the library catalogues which have come down to us from the + 12th century. ... Astronomy, General (seventy-three books), including: Ling Hsien Thu Chi6 (Diagrams illustrating the Spiritual Constitution of the Universe).
|Title||:||Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth|
|Publisher||:||Cambridge University Press - 1959-01-01|