Clearly, nearly half of the 4th graders tested did not understand the role of zero in a multiplicative situation. ... As might be expected, 4th graders performed better on one-step word problems than on multistep or nonroutine problems. ... Slightly more than one-third of the 4th graders answered Items 4, 5, and 6 correctly.
|Title||:||Results and Interpretations of the 2003 Mathematics Assessment of the National Assessment of Educational Progress|
|Author||:||Peter Kloosterman, Frank K. Lester|
|Publisher||:||National Council of Teachers of English - 2007|