Recent spacecraft and robotic probes to Mars have yielded data that are changing our understanding significantly about the possibility of existing or past life on that planet. Coupled with advances in biology and life-detection techniques, these developments place increasing importance on the need to protect Mars from contamination by Earth-borne organisms. To help with this effort, NASA requested that the NRC examine existing planetary protection measures for Mars and recommend changes and further research to improve such measures. This report discusses policies, requirements, and techniques to protect Mars from organisms originating on Earth that could interfere with scientific investigations. It provides recommendations on cleanliness and biological burden levels of Mars-bound spacecraft, methods to reach those levels, and research to reduce uncertainties in preventing forward contamination of Mars.Available at alt;www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/ LPSC98/pdf/1922.pdfagt;. Clifford, S.M., and D. .... 108(E4): 8030. Horowitz, N.H. 1986. To Utopia and Back: The Search for Life in the Solar System. W.H. Freeman and Co., New York. Jakosky, B.M., andanbsp;...
|Title||:||Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars|
|Author||:||Committee on Preventing the Forward Contamination of Mars, Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council|
|Publisher||:||National Academies Press - 2006-03-22|