Highlights the gap between the official rhetoric and the political reality of democratic decentralisation and bottom-up planning using an in-depth study of the metropolitan planning process in Kolkata, India. This book focuses on the dynamic interactions between planners and the operation of the political process that shapes this reality.... 2003; Forester, 1999; Kitchen, 1997; Krumholz, 1982). Through the analysis of this case I illustrate that metropolitan planning processes have to focus on the design of institutional mechanisms through which to address common problems, anbsp;...
|Title||:||Planning from the Bottom Up|
|Publisher||:||IOS Press - 2008-01-01|