This monograph describes mathematical models that enable prediction of phase compositions for various technological processes, as developed on the base of a complex physico-chemical analysis of reaction. It studies thermodynamics and kinetics of specific stages of complex pyrometallurgical processes involving boron, carbon, sulfur, tungsten, phosphorus, and many more, as well as their exposure to all sorts of factors. First and foremost, this enables to optimize processes and technologies at the stage of design, while traditional empirical means of development of new technologies are basically incapable of providing an optimal solution. Simulation results of metals and alloys production, welding and coating technologies allow obtaining materials with pre-given composition, structure and properties in a cost-saving and conscious manner. Moreover, a so-called qinverse problemq, i.e., selecting source materials which would ensure the required results, cannot be solved by any other means.In one of them, a slag pool with a mass up to 4% of the mass of the ingot to be melted is formed on the surface of the metal. In the other variant a ... A diagram of the vacuum arc remelting process with microslag refining is presented in Fig. 5.10.
|Title||:||Phase Interaction in the Metal - Oxide Melts - Gas -System|
|Author||:||Vladislav Boronenkov, Michael Zinigrad, Leopold Leontiev, Edward Pastukhov, Mikhail Shalimov, Sergey Shanchurov|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2011-10-20|