In this first volume, the reader will find, collected and condensed, the information needed to characterize, analyze, and evaluate crude oils from different origins and their corresponding petroleum cuts as well. The characteristics and specifications of all the petroleum products along with their simplified process flowsheets are reviewed.Contents: 1. Composition of crude oils and petroleum products. 2. Fractionation and elemental analysis of crude oils and petroleum cuts. 3. Characterization of crude oils and petroleum fractions. 4. Methods for the calculation of hydrocarbon physical properties. 5. Characteristics of petroleum products for energy use (motor fuels - heating fuels). 6. Characteristics of non-fuel petroleum products. 7. Standards and specifications of petroleum products. 8. Evaluation of crude oils. 9. Additives for motor fuels and lubricants. 10. Introduction to refining. Appendices: Principal characteristics of pure components. Principal standard test methods for petroleum products. References. Index.10.4.2 The Refining Flow Diagram of the 1980s Following the energy crisis of the 1970s, the introduction of catalytic ... Residual fuel-oil represented more than 20 to 25% of the crude and the content in pollutants (sulfur, nitrogen, metals)anbsp;...
|Title||:||Petroleum Refining: Crude oil, petroleum products, process flowsheets|
|Publisher||:||Editions TECHNIP - 1995-01-01|