Due to an increasing number of reported catastrophes all over the world, the safety especially of pedestrians today, is a dramatically growing field of interest, both for practitioners as well as scientists from various disciplines. The questions arising mainly address the dynamics of evacuating people and possible optimisations of the process by changing the architecture and /or the procedure. This concerns not only the case of ships, stadiums or buildings, all with restricted geometries, but also the evacuation of complete geographical regions due to natural disasters. Furthermore, also 'simple' crowd motion in 'relaxed' situations poses new questions with respect to higher comfort and efficiency since the number of involved persons at large events is as high as never before. In addition, as a new research topic in this field, collective animal behaviour is attracting increasing attention. All this was in the scope of the conference held in Vienna, September 28a30, 2005, the third one in a series after Duisburg (2001) and Greenwich (2003).This was related to the creation, in 1905, of the first US model building codeathe National Building Code, by the National Board of Fire Underwriters, and, in 1913, of the National Fire Protection Association, NFPA, Committee on Safety to Lifeanbsp;...
|Title||:||Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005|
|Author||:||Nathalie Waldau, Peter Gattermann, Hermann Knoflacher, Michael Schreckenberg|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2007-05-26|