The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and science, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine, what design features are necessary in order to achieve this, philosophical and practical questions concerning justice, rights, decision-making and responsibility in medical contexts, and accurately modeling essential physician-machine-patient relationships. In medical settings, machines are in close proximity with human beings: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old and with medical professionals. Machines in these contexts are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity and privacy. As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for empathy and emotion detection necessary? What about consciousness? This collection is the first book that addresses these 21st-century concerns.Am Philos Q 16(3):207a215 Gunkel DJ (2012) The machine question: critical perspectives on AI, robots, and ethics. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA GA¼zeldere G ( 1997) The many faces of consciousness: a field guide. ... Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 28a44 Heidegger M (1977) The question concerning technology and other essays (trans: Lovitt W). ... (2008) Robots unlimited: life in virtual age.
|Title||:||Machine Medical Ethics|
|Author||:||Simon Peter van Rysewyk, Matthijs Pontier|
|Publisher||:||Springer - 2014-09-05|