The state-of-the-art of industrial electronics is presented and discussed in these papers. Factory automation and computer integrated manufacturing developments are described. Also addressed is the economic and competitive advantage of improved power use and improved control techniques.On the ac side, one phase of the inverter is connected to the supply through an inductor. ... I. INTRODUCTION The use of PV systems for remote applications is becoming more and more accepted across the world as its ... Microcontroller- based control and feedback elements maintain the necessary power balances. III .