Behavioral and cognitive models of marriage were integrated to examine associations between behavior, appraisals, and change in marital satisfaction. Attachment style was also examined as a developmental intervening variable. Using longitudinal data from engaged couples, newlywed couples, and couples in established marriages, the present dissertation addressed (a) whether couples' appraisals of discussions are consistent with observers' assessments of their behavior, (b) how these appraisals predict changes in marital satisfaction over time, and (c) how attachment style predicts appraisals. Hypotheses involving change in satisfaction over time were tested using growth curve analysis when feasible. Results showed that couples at each stage of the marital relationship evaluated their dyadic interactions based on their expectations for the discussion while discounting the actual behavior displayed in the interaction, in support of perceptual confirmation theory. Neither behavior nor appraisals predicted change in satisfaction over time. Attachment moderated the association between pre- and post-discussion appraisals in engaged and newlywed couples in expected directions. Attachment also moderated the association between post-discussion appraisals and change in satisfaction over time for the engaged and newlywed couples. Findings emphasize the particularly robust association between a spouse's expectations of an upcoming dyadic interaction and evaluations of the interaction immediately following its completion. Given that behavior and cognitive variables were found to interact to alter the detrimental impact of negative expectations, implications for marital interventions incorporating both cognitive and behavioral techniques are noteworthy.MAT total scores from Times 1 through 3 were correlated with SMD total scores from Times 1 through 3. ... Behavioral data from the problem solving interaction were coded using the modified version of SPAFF that was used to code data inanbsp;...
|Title||:||Integrating Behavioral and Cognitive Models of Marriage: A Longitudinal Examination of Behavior and Appraisals as Predictors of Marital Satisfaction|
|Author||:||Dawnelle Marie Paldino|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2007|