7 and system block diagram is shown in Fig. 8. ... The actuation system includes motor driving circuit, current-limiting protection circuit and the low battery voltage protection ... If the battery voltage is too low (18V) for operation, the HEM will automatically switch back to engine only and ... Battery Charging Circuit Since the hybrid electric motorbike uses two 12V maintain-free, acid-lead, batteries in serial asanbsp;...
|Title||:||IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium|