Our understanding of nature, and in particular of physics and the laws governing it, has changed radically since the days of the ancient Greek natural philosophers. This book explains how and why these changes occurred, through landmark experiments as well as theories that - for their time - were revolutionary. The presentation covers Mechanics, Optics, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, Relativity Theory, Atomic Physics and Quantum Physics. The book places emphasis on ideas and on a qualitative presentation, rather than on mathematics and equations. Thus, although primarily addressed to those who are studying or have studied science, it can also be read by non-specialists. The author concludes with a discussion of the evolution and organization of universities, from ancient times until today, and of the organization and dissemination of knowledge through scientific publications and conferences.galaxy, is dictated by strict mathematical laws, then the concept of free will is meaningless! ... This was the existence of chaotic motions even in the simplest systems of classical mechanics, such as the famous three-body problem (see Sect. 4.1.2). Because of this property, the solutions of the equations of motion are not analytic with respect to the initial conditions; ... a solution that has initial conditions for position and velocity x 1a4 x0 A¾ Dx0 and v 1a4 v0 A¾ Dv0, respectively , as a Tayloranbsp;...
|Title||:||History and Evolution of Concepts in Physics|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2014-01-29|