International trade plays an enormous role in economic growth and prosperity. This activity can also be used to transfer military equipment, knowledge, and technology to hostile governments and transnational terrorist and criminal organizations seeking to attack and destroy their enemies. The U.S. and other countries have used economic sanctions such as export controls to try to restrict and eliminate the transfer of weapons and financial assets to these governments and organizations. This work examines how the U.S. has attempted to restrict the export of national security sensitive equipment, finance, knowledge, and technology since World War II with varying degrees of success and failure. It also examines how multiple U.S. Government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international government organizations seek to influence U.S. international trade, foreign, and security policies while concluding that some export controls are essential for promoting and defending U.S. national security interests.OMC approved about 90% of license applications it acted upon during Fiscal Year 1986 with 80% of these being acted on in less than a month; however; 2. ... as precedents; and that the license application review process has been primarily manual instead of automated; 4. ... OMCa#39;s caseload increasing from 26, 000 in 1977 to over 49, 000 in 1986, with an expected increase of over 52, 000 in 1987 whileanbsp;...
|Publisher||:||University Press of America - 2013-10-30|