This dissertation work comprises of two essays. The first essay explores the impact of information technology on the innovation processes in organizations. In this essay, we examine if and how information technology (IT) impacts the research and development processes in organizations. We argue that information technology could affect firm innovation effectiveness through two mechanisms namely, enhancing efficiency of knowledge integration, and promoting flexibility of knowledge integration. More specifically, we posit that information technology investments could mitigate the negative effects of scaling research and development activities. Using data collected from 145 US firms over a period of 6 years we test our research hypotheses. We find that information technology investments can mitigate the extent of diminishing returns to RaD spending in a way that returns to RaD decline at a lower rate for firms with higher level of IT intensity. However, we do not find any evidence that information technology investments will increase the return to RaD directly.1. Essay 1: The Impact of Information Technology on Returns to Raamp;D Spending: Efficiency and Flexibility Abstract Research and development (Raamp;D) is considered as a major source of firm invention. While companies have invested heavily inanbsp;...
|Title||:||Essays on Information Technology and Innovation Processes: Exploring the Effects of IT Investments on R&D Effectiveness And, Understanding the Drivers of Migration to Services by IT Product Vendors|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2007|