Unit a I Concept of Conductor, Semiconductor, Insulator. Semiconductor Diode, Forward bias, Reverse Bias, Application of Diode as Rectifier, Zener diode and its applications, Introduction to Transistor (BJT, FET), PNP, NPN Transistors their Characteristic. Application of Transistor as amplifier and as a Switch. Unit- II Concept of amplification, amplifier notations, Av, Ai, Ap Zi, Zo), Application of BJT as single stage Amplifier, Frequency response of single stage Amplifier. Multistage Amplifiers:- (Basics concepts) RC coupled, cascade, Darlington pair, DC amplifiers. Unit-III Concept of Feedback:- Negative Feedback and its advantage in Amplification Positive Feedback :- Oscillators, RC Phase Shift Oscillator, LC Oscillator. Switching Circuits Multivibrators : - Monostable using IC 555 and Astable using IC 555 (including problems) Unit- IV Introduction:- Need for modulation system, Concept of Modulation. AM :- Definition of AM, Modulation index, Power relation in AM, Generation and Demodulation of AM. SSB:- Power requirement in comparison with AM, Advantages of SSB over AM, Concept of Balanced Modulator, Generation of SSB, Pilot Carrier System, Independent Side System, Vestigial Sideband Transmission. Unit- V FM: - Definition of FM, Bandwidth, Noise triangle, Per-emphasis and De- emphasis. PM: - Definition of PM. Difference between AM and FM. Radio receivers. Pulse Modulation:- Sampling Theorem, PAM, PTM, PWM, PPM, pulse code modulation, Quantization noise, companding, PCM system, differential PCM, Delta modulation. Multiplexing: - FDM/TDM. Television:- Scanning, Composite Video signal, Television Transmitter, television receiver. Unit-VI Introduction to Digital Communication: PSK, ASK, FSK. Introduction to fibre optics system:- Propagation of light in optical fibre; ray model . Types of fibre : Single mode, steps index. Graded index. Signal distortion: attenuation, dispersion. Optical sources: LED, LASERS. Optical Detectors and optics links. Link Budget.4.7 SUMMARY There is limitation on the maximum value of voltage gain that can be obtained from a single stage amplifier. The meaning of ... The output of first single stage is applied to the input of second stage amplifier using the coupling circuit. ... Draw a labelled circuit diagram of a two stage RC coupled amplifier. 3.
|Title||:||Electronics and Communication Technology|
|Publisher||:||Booksmart - 2014-10-20|