These studies recover the historical roots of thinking that are in conflict with, and critical of, present-day tendencies. Criminological theory over the last few decades has oscillated between extremes: on one side there are calls for increasing the state exercise of punitive power as the only means of providing security, in the face of both urban and international rime; while the other side highlights the need for reducing the exercise of punitive power because of the paradoxical effects that it produces. Useful for academics, practitioners, professionals and students, this book will certainly contribute to a wider awareness in crime prevention and criminal justice.In fact, the environment provided by the interconnected cyberworld, where one can enjoy the benefits of interaction with others while ... reminders, commercial announcements, chat rooms and instantaneous message programs can all put people in the line of danger, ... use sophisticated software to track on-line criminals down through their digital trail, uncover evidence, restore deleted files and e-mails, anbsp;...
|Title||:||Criminology and Criminal Policy Movements|
|Author||:||Eugenio Raul Zaffaroni, Edmundo Oliveira|
|Publisher||:||University Press of America - 2013-04-03|