Designing effective computer writing and scoring programs which assist students during the writing process is a goal of many instructional designers, however; a program's effectiveness is rarely known prior to purchasing the rights to the software or program. This study looks at the effectiveness of the Criterion Online Writing and Assessment Program, and how it affects the revision practices of sixth-grade students in three ability ranges as measured by the South Carolina Palmetto Achievement Challenge Test (PACT). One hundred fifty writing samples from sixth-grade students were evaluated to determine if students' writing improved during revision while using the feedback provided by the Criterion Online Writing and Assessment Program. The study was guided by two research questions. They were (a) How and to what extent are essays from students of different writing abilities affected by participating in an online writing program? and (b) How and to what extent do essays show differences in the grammar, style, usage, and organization and development between the first and final submissions of papers? Using ANOVAs to evaluate the first research question, the results revealed that there was no significance found between the ability groups and the use of the Criterion Online Writing and Assessment Program. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the second research question. The analysis found that errors were reduced between the first and final submissions for all students in the three ability groups in most of the writing categories. Errors, however, increased in final submissions for the Proficient ability group in the Mechanics domain and for the Below Basic and Basic ability groups errors increased in the Style domain. These results support the concept that computer assisted instruction may be an effective tool in reducing writing errors during revisions.Data Collection Strategies A roster from each of the five middle schools in Richland School District 2 was extracted from TestView, a data ... The data set was collected from the studentsa#39; online portfolios which included the original essays and an error report. ... words or phrases, sentences beginning with coordinating conjunctions, too many short sentences, too many long sentences, and passive voice.
|Title||:||Creating Recursive Writers in Middle School: The Effect of a Writing Program on Student Revision Practices|
|Author||:||Marsha H. Moseley|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2006|