The benefits of flushing were found to closely parallel the objectives: Increased customer satisfaction, compliance with drinking water standards, avoidance of water quality fees and fines, maintenance of pipe infrastructure, and discovery of system problems. Four cost categories were studied (1) financial (tangible) costs to the utility, (2) financial (tangible) costs to the customers, (3) intangible costs to the utility, and (4) intangible costs to the customers. Utilizing one or more methods of flushing, several elements were need in order to be effective: preplanning, having a detailed approach, proper scheduling, and ample public notification. Details of all aspects are covered in this report.Cost Information 5) Are meal expenses for field staff covered by the utility during reactive flushing events? ... per year for vehicles used during flushing miles/yr per vehicle 4) Average annual vehicle maintenance costs _$/yr F) Office Equipmentanbsp;...
|Title||:||Cost and Benefit Analysis of Flushing|
|Author||:||Yakir J. Hasit, Alexander J. DeNadai, Robert S. Raucher|
|Publisher||:||American Water Works Association - 2004|