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Complicities explores the complicated--even contradictory--position of the intellectual who takes a stand against political policies and ideologies. Mark Sanders argues that intellectuals cannot avoid some degree of complicity in what they oppose, and that responsibility can only be achieved with their acknowledgment of this complicity. He examines the role of South African apartheid-era intellectuals by looking at the work of a number of key figures-both supporters and opponents-in English, Afrikaans, and Xhosa. Drawing on theorists including Derrida, Sartre, and Fanon, and paying particular attention to the linguistic intricacy of the literary and political texts considered, Sanders shows how complicity emerges as a problem for intellectuals across the ideological and social spectrum. He gives detailed analyses of widely divergent figures-Afrikaner nationalist poet N. P. van Wyk Louw, Drum writer Bloke Modisane, Xhosa novelist A. C. Jordan, Afrikaner dissident Breyten Breytenbach, and Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko. Opening with a discussion of colonial intellectuals Olive Schreiner and Sol T. Plaatje, and concluding with a reading of post-apartheid feminist critiques of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, he reveals how sexual difference joins with race to further complicate issues of collusion. Complicities sheds new light on the history and literature of twentieth-century South Africa as it weighs into debates about the role of the intellectual in public life.While Louw appears to set out a model valid for aquot;every human being, aquot; he keeps returning to aquot;usaquot; [ons], to aquot;the life of our volkaquot; ... Fanon, Gordimer, and Biko.37 But Louwa#39;s essay continually resists generalizing responsibility-in-complicity, ultimately denying others the right to criticize and bringing human-being back to the Afrikaner volk and its potential to bring forth the humanity [ mensheid] of its members.

Author:Mark Sanders
Publisher:Duke University Press - 2002-12-25


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