Urbanization drastically alters the ecosystems structure and functions, disrupts cycling of C and other elements along with water. It alters the energy balance and influences climate at local, regional and global scales. In 2008, urban population exceeded the rural population. In 2050, 70% of the world population will live in urban centers. The number of megacities (10 million inhabitants) increased from three in 1975 to 19 in 2007, and is projected to be 27 in 2025. Rapid urbanization is altering the ecosystem C budget. Yet, urban ecosystems have a large C sink capacity in soils and biota. Judicious planning and effective management can enhance C pool in urban ecosystems, and off-set some of the anthropogenic emissions. Principal components with regards to C sequestration include home lawns and turfs, urban forests, green roofs, park and recreational/sports facilities and urban agriculture.It also excludes C equivalents for manufacturing of any equipment used for residential landscape management. ... Appl Ecol 11:343a355 Dirr MA (1988) Manual of woody landscape plants, 5th edn. ... J Soil Water Conserv 49:488a492 Getz D, Karow A, Kielbaso JJ (1982) Inner city preferences for trees and urban forestryanbsp;...
|Title||:||Carbon Sequestration in Urban Ecosystems|
|Author||:||Rattan Lal, Bruce Augustin|
|Publisher||:||Springer Science & Business Media - 2011-12-10|