This dissertation discusses the use of automated natural language processing (NLP) for characterization of biomolecular events in signal transduction pathway databases. I also discuss the use of a dynamic map engine for efficiently navigating large biomedical document collections and functionally annotating high-throughput genomic data. An application is presented where NLP software, beginning with genomic expression data, automatically identifies and joins disparate experimental observations supporting biochemical interaction relationships between candidate genes in the Wnt signaling pathway. I discuss the need for accurate named entity resolution to the biological sequence databases and how sequence-based approaches can unambiguously link automatically-extracted assertions to their respective biomolecules in a high-speed manner. I then demonstrate a search engine, BioSearch-2D, which renders the contents of large biomedical document collections into a single, dynamic map. With this engine, the prostate cancer epigenetics literature is analyzed and I demonstrate that the summarization map closely matches that provided by expert human review articles. Examples include displays which prominently feature genes such as the androgen receptor and glutathione S-transferase P1 together with the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) descriptions which match the roles described for those genes in the human review articles. In a second application of BioSearch-2D, I demonstrate the engine's application as a context-specific functional annotation system for cancer-related gene signatures. Our engine matches the annotation produced by a Gene Ontology-based annotation engine for 6 cancer-related gene signatures. Additionally, it assigns highly-significant MeSH terms as annotation for the gene list which are not produced by the GO-based engine. I find that the BioSearch-2D display facilitates both the exploration of large document collections in the biomedical literature as well as provides users with an accurate annotation engine for ad-hoc gene sets. In the future, the use of both large-scale biomedical literature summarization engines and automated protein-protein interaction discovery software could greatly assist manual and expensive data duration efforts involving describing complex biological processes or disease states.4.6 Evaluation of Coverage Against Human Review Articles We evaluated the gene-concept map coverage of the heatmap ... including aquot;DNA Hypermethylation aquot;, aquot;Heterochromatin and Epigenetic Gene Silencingaquot;, aquot;DNA Hypomethylationaquot;, anbsp;...
|Title||:||Automated Natural-language Processing for Integration and Functional Annotation of Complex Biological Systems|
|Author||:||Carlos F. Santos|
|Publisher||:||ProQuest - 2008|