Assessment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles

Assessment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles

4.11 - 1251 ratings - Source

Various combinations of commercially available technologies could greatly reduce fuel consumption in passenger cars, sport-utility vehicles, minivans, and other light-duty vehicles without compromising vehicle performance or safety. Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy estimates the potential fuel savings and costs to consumers of available technology combinations for three types of engines: spark-ignition gasoline, compression-ignition diesel, and hybrid. According to its estimates, adopting the full combination of improved technologies in medium and large cars and pickup trucks with spark-ignition engines could reduce fuel consumption by 29 percent at an additional cost of $2, 200 to the consumer. Replacing spark-ignition engines with diesel engines and components would yield fuel savings of about 37 percent at an added cost of approximately $5, 900 per vehicle, and replacing spark-ignition engines with hybrid engines and components would reduce fuel consumption by 43 percent at an increase of $6, 000 per vehicle. The book focuses on fuel consumption--the amount of fuel consumed in a given driving distance--because energy savings are directly related to the amount of fuel used. In contrast, fuel economy measures how far a vehicle will travel with a gallon of fuel. Because fuel consumption data indicate money saved on fuel purchases and reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, the book finds that vehicle stickers should provide consumers with fuel consumption data in addition to fuel economy information.In its simplest form the ISG is mechanically fixed to the IC engine crankshaft, but in some designs a second clutch isolates the engine and the ... 30, 2007). When incorporating an effective regenerative braking system, the ISG hybrid achieves a fuel consumption reduction of 34 percent in the combined driving cycle, as demonstrated by the Honda Civic. A part of the improved fuel consumption comes from vehicle modifications, including the use of a smaller, more efficient SI engine.

Title:Assessment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles
Author:Committee on the Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
Publisher:National Academies Press - 2011-06-03


You Must CONTINUE and create a free account to access unlimited downloads & streaming