Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory

Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory

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Abraham Lincoln has long dominated the pantheon of American presidents. From his lavish memorial in Washington and immortalization on Mount Rushmore, one might assume he was a national hero rather than a controversial president who came close to losing his 1864 bid for reelection. In Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory, Barry Schwartz aims at these contradictions in his study of Lincoln's reputation, from the president's death through the industrial revolution to his apotheosis during the Progressive Era and First World War. Schwartz draws on a wide array of materialsa€”painting and sculpture, popular magazines and school textbooks, newspapers and oratorya€”to examine the role that Lincoln's memory has played in American life. He explains, for example, how dramatic funeral rites elevated Lincoln's reputation even while funeral eulogists questioned his presidential actions, and how his reputation diminished and grew over the next four decades. Schwartz links transformations of Lincoln's image to changes in the society. Commemorating Lincoln helped Americans to think about their country's development from a rural republic to an industrial democracy and to articulate the way economic and political reform, military power, ethnic and race relations, and nationalism enhanced their conception of themselves as one people. Lincoln's memory assumed a double aspect of qmirrorq and qlamp, q acting at once as a reflection of the nation's concerns and an illumination of its ideals, and Schwartz offers a fascinating view of these two functions as they were realized in the commemorative symbols of an ever-widening circle of ethnic, religious, political, and regional communities. The first part of a study that will continue through the present, Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory is the story of how America has shaped its past selectively and imaginatively around images rooted in a real person whose character and achievements helped shape his country's future.aquot;Lincoln Memorial.aquot; Congressional Record, January 29, 62nd Cong., 3rd sess., 2233-34. Shils, Edward A. 1975a. aquot;Charisma, Order, and Status.aquot; Pp. 256-75 in Center and Periphery: Essays in Macrosociology. Chicago: University of Chicago anbsp;...

Title:Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory
Author:Barry Schwartz
Publisher:University of Chicago Press - 2003-08-01


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